Solutions for Mitigation of Human - Large carnivore Conflict in Urban and Human Dominated Areas
TRACT has been working towards understanding the reasons of conflict between humans and wild animals (Tigers, Leopards and Sloth bears) in areas with high human densities, finding solutions for mitigation, and long term management of this forced co-habitation.
Ordnance factory, Chanda & Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station, Chandrapur
Both these institutions situated near the forests of Tadoba have experienced high conflict between people and large carnivore within their premises. The grounds of these institutions with a mix of urban building and forest. But visitations and sightings of tigers, leopards and sloth bears are frequent within these fenced premises. This area is home to a large number of staff members and their families, stray animals and large carnivores that are lured by the dense cover, ample water and easy prey in this environment. TRACT was asked to study the reasons for this conflict and suggest recommendations to minimise this co-existence of people and large predators.
Field surveys to understand area used by sloth bear for foraging, dwelling and movement
Identify conditions that lure these wild animals to these colonies
Addressing concerns of local people about conflict
Recommendations to management to minimise conditions that increase conflict
Camera Trapping to identify number of animals in these areas with high human presence.
Presentations to management, staff, locals and children to help understand reasons of conflict, the need to remain calm and the way forward to minimise this conflict.
With recommendations of TRACT, the management and the community of the Ordnance Factory have decided against caging of leopards and will work towards reducing conditions that lure wild animals closer to human dwellings.